trainer südkorea

Guus Hiddink [ˈɣyːs̺ ˈhɪdɪŋk] (* 8. November in Varsseveld, damals Gemeinde Bei der PSV Eindhoven arbeitete er von Juli an als Co-Trainer , bevor er im Januar wurde Guus Hiddink Nationaltrainer von Südkorea. 3. Juli Kostete eine Ansprache von Südkorea-Trainer Tae Yong Shin Deutschland die WM ? Über den Augsburger Nationalspieler Ja Cheol Koo. Juni Beim Blick auf das südkoreanische Team fällt auf: Südkorea Trainer Shin Tae- Yong sieht Jogi Löw super ähnlich. Die beiden könnten fast. Belgien , Spanien , Uruguay. Ich bin momentan nicht sehr zuversichtlich für das Spiel. Er ist Vorsitzender der Guus Hiddink Foundation , einer Organisation, die sich unter anderem für die Förderung südkoreanischer Kinder einsetzt. Nun soll es Bento richten. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Jogi, der über die Jahre eine ziemliche Transformation durchgemacht hat, und Shin haben anscheinend denselben Modegeschmack. Nachdem die Türkei in den Playoffs an Kroatien gescheitert war, wurde im November Hiddinks Vertrag in gegenseitigem Einverständnis aufgelöst. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. So sexy zeigen sich diese Spielerfrauen auf Instagram. Versprühte in allen drei Einsätzen aber zu wenig Torgefahr. Kein Spieler kam in allen Spielen zum Einsatz. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Niklas Süle — Note 5: The major administrative divisions in South Korea are eight provincesone special self-governing provincesix metropolitan cities self-governing cities that are not part of any provinceone special city and one metropolitan autonomous moto gp heute. Retrieved June 26, South Korea has sent up 10 satellites fromall using foreign rockets and overseas launch pads, notably Arirang-1 inand Arirang-2 in as part of its space partnership with Russia. Demographics of South Korea. The Grand west casino online gambling States has stationed a substantial contingent all slots 20 free flash troops to defend South Korea. After his departure there was a greater emphasis on hiring foreign coaches. Most South Korean middle schools and high schools have school uniforms, modeled on western-style uniforms. Voluntary National Neueste online casinos no deposit Abkhazia recognition relations Kosovo recognition relations Northern Cyprus relations Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic recognition relations Beste Spielothek in Läuterau finden Ossetia recognition quote europa league Taiwan relations. At the Winter 19 again stream deutschSouth Korea ranked fifth in the overall medal rankings.

It is envisaged that the final capacity of the facility would be , drums, covering an area of about 2,, m 2 , although a further , drum capacity could be built later.

So the fissile content is about 1. Development of this process involves substantial US-South Korean nuclear cooperation, since the USA effectively controls what is done with the country's used fuel.

However, the US government then suspended this. This was significant in that the USA had strongly discouraged reprocessing in South Korea previously.

It involves heating the pulverised used fuel to drive off volatile fission products and then reducing it to metal. This is put into a bath of molten lithium and potassium chloride, and uranium is recovered electrolytically The transuranics notably plutonium, neptunium, americium and curium remaining are concentrated and removed with some fission products notably cerium, neodymium and lanthanum to be fabricated into fast reactor fuel without any further treatment 1.

This is intrinsically proliferation-resistant because it is so hot radiologically, and the curium provides a high level of spontaneous neutrons. The prototype would produce MWe for the grid, but its main purpose would be to demonstrate its fuel: PGSFR is to use metal fuel pins composed of low-enriched uranium and zirconium, and it can be subsequently reloaded with fuel that also contains transuranic elements recovered from reprocessing used oxide fuels.

They demonstrated the safe shutdown and cooling of the reactor without operator action following a simulated loss-of-cooling accident The PGSFR is the world's first fast reactor that exploits inherent safety characteristics to prevent severe accidents.

A transmuter core consisting of uranium and transuranics in metal form from pyroprocessing is being designed, and no breeding blanket is involved.

It is working on lead-bismuth cooled designs of 35, and MW which would operate on pyroprocessed fuel.

The 35 MW unit is designed to be leased for 20 years and operated without refuelling, and then returned to the supplier.

It would be refuelled at the pyroprocessing plant and have a design operating lifetime of 60 years. In contrast to Canada's experience with Maple, this apparently works very well.

It is light water moderated and cooled, with heavy water reflector, and is the basis of the Jordan Research and Training Reactor JRTR designed for Jordan and commissioned in December The justification includes export of radioisotopes.

The choice was on the basis of cost and reliability of building schedule. An application for US design certification was made in October , and revised in March The final safety report is expected in Initial construction activities at Barakah 1 were completed in May and the unit is scheduled to start operations in The 80 reactors by now seems too ambitious, but in KEPCO had a target of six reactors by , beyond the Barakah plant.

The workforce of 18, at Barakah includes Koreans. An associated objective is to cooperate in the Ukraine-EU 'energy bridge' project, exporting power from Khmelnitski 2 to Poland.

In January the SMART Power Company SPC was launched with support from six supply chain companies as the sole entity responsible for the export and construction of the small reactor technology, particularly to the Middle East for desalination.

The reactor achieved first criticality in April Then in the mids the Korean nuclear industry embarked upon a plan to standardise the design of nuclear plants and to achieve much greater self-sufficiency in building them.

In the industry entered a ten-year technology transfer programme with Combustion Engineering now part of Westinghouse to achieve technical self-reliance, and this was extended in These units were built with substantial local input and were commissioned in In the industry selected the CE System 80 two-loop steam supply system as the basis of standardisation.

It is the type used for all further MWe units as well as the two that were briefly under construction in North Korea.

This involved design improvement of many components, improved safety and economic competitiveness, and optimising plant layout with streamlining of construction programmes to reduce capital cost.

It offers enhanced safety with seismic design to withstand Gal ground acceleration, and has a year design operating lifetime.

It is designed "not only for the base load full power operation but also for a part load operation such as the load following operation.

A month construction period is envisaged normally. KHNP decided not to renew its reactor technology licence agreement with Westinghouse in but to embark upon a business cooperation agreement instead, whereby KHNP would join with Westinghouse in marketing jointly-developed technology while KHNP completes the development of its own components to replace those e.

In February , KHNP and Westinghouse signed a long-term supply agreement for replacement parts for nuclear power plants. In October KHNP signed a new bilateral agreement with Westinghouse to jointly develop technology projects worldwide through technical cooperation based on "the mutual nuclear expertise and capabilities of their respective owners.

However, further detail was requested, and the revised submission was accepted by the NRC in March The final safety evaluation report is expected late in with design certification in It has modular construction which is expected to give month construction time instead of 52 months for the APR It has 16 more fuel assemblies than the APR, of a new design, and passive decay heat removal as well as active safety.

Also it is more highly reinforced against aircraft impact than any earlier designs. Basic design was due to be finished in August , but there is no schedule for the detailed design.

Design operating lifetime is 60 years, with a three-year refuelling cycle. It has 57 fuel assemblies very similar to normal PWR ones but shorter, and it operates with a month fuel cycle.

The agreement is seen by South Korea as opening opportunities for major involvement in Saudi nuclear power plans, and it also calls for the commercialisation and promotion of the SMART reactor to other countries.

Through to November studies are being undertaken jointly including first-of-a-kind engineering design and preparations for building two units.

The Atomic Energy Commission AEC is the highest decision-making body for nuclear energy policy and is chaired by the prime minister.

It was set up under the Atomic Energy Act. It is independent, reporting to the president, and its chairman has ministerial rank. In December the NSSC agreed with Japan and China regulators to form a network to cooperate on nuclear safety and quickly exchange information in nuclear emergencies.

However this role has now apparently been transferred to the NSSC. MOTIE is responsible for energy policy, for the construction and operation of nuclear power plants, nuclear fuel supply and radioactive waste management.

Nationalmannschaften aktueller Verbände der AFC: Nationalmannschaften ehemaliger Verbände der AFC: Sonstige National- und Auswahlmannschaften in Asien: Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.

Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. In anderen Projekten Commons. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Oktober um Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen.

Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden.

Erstes Länderspiel Korea Kaiserreich Südkorea 5: Under his management, the team won its first game against Paraguay 2—0 but were beaten by Costa Rica 3—1 shortly after.

South Korea automatically qualified for the AFC Asian Cup due to their third-place finish in the tournament. They began the tournament with a 1—0 win over Oman, with Cho Young-cheol scoring the winning goal.

They obtained another narrow 1—0 victory in their second game against Kuwait, the team's first back-to-back victory in over a year.

The victory allowed the team to automatically qualify for the quarterfinals, but their shaky performance was criticized. In their final group stage match Korea managed to find its form and defeated host and tournament favorites Australia with the same result in their final group stage match and qualified to the knockout stage as the Group A winner.

However, key players Koo Ja-cheol and Lee Chung-yong suffered injuries and had to leave the tournament. South Korea defeated Uzbekistan in the quarter-finals with two goals from Son Heung-min in extra time and advanced to semi-finals for the tenth time, a tournament record.

Another 2—0 victory over Iraq in the semi-finals allowed them to advance to the final for the first time since In the final, South Korea faced Australia in a rematch of their group stage match.

Australia took the lead in the first half but South Korea managed to equalize in the final minutes of the game, forcing the match into extra time.

However, Australia managed to score again, defeating South Korea 2—1. Public confidence, which had fallen to an all-time low following the World Cup, was restored and the team was given a hero's welcome upon their return.

After winning seven matches without conceding a goal, South Korea qualified for the third round of the AFC qualifiers for the World Cup.

Following a series of poor results in the third round of qualifiers, including defeats to China and Qatar , head coach Uli Stielike was sacked and was replaced by former U and U coach Shin Tae-yong for the remainder of the qualifying round.

They lost their first game against Sweden 1—0. They then faced Mexico and lost 2—1. In the final group stage match, South Korea won 2—0 against the defending champions Germany and eliminated them from the first round for the first time in 80 years.

Germany had 28 shots with 6 on target, but the South Korean defense, led by keeper Cho Hyun-woo , did not concede once. Red has been the traditional color of the national team, leading to the nickname "The Reds" by fans as well as leading to the namesake of the supporter group Red Devils.

The away colors have varied between white and blue. In , the home kit shifted from red to white, but in October , the red returned as home color, paired with black shorts.

South Korea has used Taegeukgi as a crest until May , when the new crest with emboded tiger was unveiled. The official supporter group of the national team are the Red Devils, which was founded in The Red Devils are known for their passionate support of the team and commonly referred to as the 12th member of the team.

The traditional rival of South Korea is Japan. The football rivalry is long-seated and is often seen as an extension of an overall rivalry that runs deep between the two nations.

Controversies occasionally flare up in matches between the two nations. South Korea also possesses a strong rivalry with North Korea , though matches are infrequent due to diplomatic and security reasons.

South Korea has had great success against China , with China failing to defeat them in 28 competitive matches before finally winning a game in Recently, a rivalry has also developed with Iran.

They have played against each other officially since , totalling 28 matches as of January , including seven World Cup qualifiers.

These two teams were among the strongest Asian national football teams during the s and s. Since then, the teams have developed one of Asia's greatest rivalries.

Although the teams only had one chance to play against each other in the final match of the AFC Asian Cup, in , they have faced each other five consecutive times at the quarterfinals stage since Iran leads the series with 13 wins, 7 draws and 9 losses.

The following players were called up for the friendly matches against Australia and Uzbekistan on 17 and 20 November Caps and goals correct as of 16 October , after the match against Panama.

The following players have also been called up to the South Korea squad within the last twelve months.

SUS Suspended from national team. INJ Withdrew from the squad due to an injury. Statistics below are from matches which the Korea Football Association consider as official.

Statistics below are from matches which only FIFA international matces. Bold names denote a player still playing or available for selection.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the men's team. For the women's team, see South Korea women's national football team.

History of the South Korea national football team. Red Devils supporters club. Iran—South Korea football rivalry and Konghanzheng.

South Korea national football team results. Hazza bin Zayed Stadium. List of South Korea national football team managers. Retrieved 25 October Retrieved 8 November Why you should follow South Korea".

Sport and Nationalism in Asia: Power, Politics and Identity. Archived from the original on 15 September Retrieved 6 September Retrieved 22 June Archived from the original on 29 November Retrieved 21 November Archived from the original on 26 October Retrieved 23 December Archived from the original on 4 January Retrieved 3 January South Korea pelted with toffees on return home".

Archived from the original on 4 June Archived from the original on 3 February Retrieved 31 January Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 8 January Archived from the original on 6 July Retrieved 5 July Archived from the original on 21 October Retrieved 16 December Retrieved 16 July Korea stun Germany, still out of tournament".

Retrieved 27 June Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 19 October Archived from the original on 2 July

Trainer Südkorea Video

NORTH KOREAN SPECIAL FORCES - THESE ARE NOT PEOPLE, THEY'RE ROBOTS

Sonstige National- und Auswahlmannschaften in Asien: Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel.

In anderen Projekten Commons. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Oktober um Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen.

Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Erstes Länderspiel Korea Kaiserreich Südkorea 5: Höchster Sieg Korea Sud Südkorea Nach zwei Niederlagen 0: This is worded more in terms of a partnership than the one, and allows a little more freedom to manage nuclear fuel.

The Bilateral Commission held its first meeting in April and formally established four working groups through which US and South Korean experts would collaborate on the management of used nuclear fuel, the promotion of nuclear exports and export control cooperation, assured fuel supply, and nuclear security.

The Korea Radioactive Waste Management Corporation KRMC was set up at the beginning of under the Radioactive Waste Management Act as an umbrella organisation to resolve South Korea's waste management issues and waste disposition, and particularly to forge a national consensus on high-level waste.

Until then, KHNP had been responsible for managing all its radioactive waste. The Atomic Energy Act of established the principle under which KHNP was levied a fee based on power generated to cover the cost of waste management and disposal.

A fee was also levied on Korea Nuclear Fuel. Used fuel is stored on each reactor site pending construction of a centralised interim storage facility, which is planned to be operational by , eventually with 20, tonnes capacity.

About 14, tonnes was stored at the end of , onsite pool capacity being 12, tonnes, about half of both figures being for Candu fuel at Wolsong. The policy aims to use a consent-based process to select a final repository site by about , following which an underground research laboratory would be operational 14 years later, followed by a further 10 years to construct the final repository, which would be operational by the mids.

MOTIE is also considering disposing of used nuclear fuel overseas if a suitable repository is constructed.

Reprocessing, either domestic or overseas, is not possible under constraints imposed by the country's cooperation agreement with the USA, which was extended for 20 years in June The extended agreement provided for US consent for some research on electrometallurgical reprocessing.

KHNP has considered offshore reprocessing to be too expensive, and recent figures based on Japanese contracts with Areva in France support this view, largely due to transport costs.

Low- and intermediate-level waste LILW has been stored at each reactor site, with a current accumulation of about 60, drums of litres. Volume reduction drying, compaction is undertaken at each site.

In it called for local communities to volunteer to host a disposal facility. Buan, in North Jeolla province was reported to be favoured.

The aim of this is to compensate for the psychological burden on residents, to reward a community participating in an important national project, and to facilitate amicable implementation of radioactive waste management.

In November , after votes in four provincial cities, Gyeongju in North Gyeongsang province on the east coast, km southeast from Seoul, was designated as the site.

In June the government announced that the WLDC would provide shallow geological disposal of conditioned wastes, with vitrification being used on ILW to increase public acceptability.

Construction started on the first phase in April , and was completed in June , at a cost of KRW 1. The first phase, with a capacity of , drums, is formed of six underground silos 24m in diameter more than 80m below sea level.

The second, near-surface phase, which will extend the capacity by a further , drums, began construction in January and will be completed in It is envisaged that the final capacity of the facility would be , drums, covering an area of about 2,, m 2 , although a further , drum capacity could be built later.

So the fissile content is about 1. Development of this process involves substantial US-South Korean nuclear cooperation, since the USA effectively controls what is done with the country's used fuel.

However, the US government then suspended this. This was significant in that the USA had strongly discouraged reprocessing in South Korea previously.

It involves heating the pulverised used fuel to drive off volatile fission products and then reducing it to metal.

This is put into a bath of molten lithium and potassium chloride, and uranium is recovered electrolytically The transuranics notably plutonium, neptunium, americium and curium remaining are concentrated and removed with some fission products notably cerium, neodymium and lanthanum to be fabricated into fast reactor fuel without any further treatment 1.

This is intrinsically proliferation-resistant because it is so hot radiologically, and the curium provides a high level of spontaneous neutrons. The prototype would produce MWe for the grid, but its main purpose would be to demonstrate its fuel: PGSFR is to use metal fuel pins composed of low-enriched uranium and zirconium, and it can be subsequently reloaded with fuel that also contains transuranic elements recovered from reprocessing used oxide fuels.

They demonstrated the safe shutdown and cooling of the reactor without operator action following a simulated loss-of-cooling accident The PGSFR is the world's first fast reactor that exploits inherent safety characteristics to prevent severe accidents.

A transmuter core consisting of uranium and transuranics in metal form from pyroprocessing is being designed, and no breeding blanket is involved.

It is working on lead-bismuth cooled designs of 35, and MW which would operate on pyroprocessed fuel. The 35 MW unit is designed to be leased for 20 years and operated without refuelling, and then returned to the supplier.

It would be refuelled at the pyroprocessing plant and have a design operating lifetime of 60 years. In contrast to Canada's experience with Maple, this apparently works very well.

It is light water moderated and cooled, with heavy water reflector, and is the basis of the Jordan Research and Training Reactor JRTR designed for Jordan and commissioned in December The justification includes export of radioisotopes.

The choice was on the basis of cost and reliability of building schedule. An application for US design certification was made in October , and revised in March The final safety report is expected in Initial construction activities at Barakah 1 were completed in May and the unit is scheduled to start operations in The 80 reactors by now seems too ambitious, but in KEPCO had a target of six reactors by , beyond the Barakah plant.

The workforce of 18, at Barakah includes Koreans. An associated objective is to cooperate in the Ukraine-EU 'energy bridge' project, exporting power from Khmelnitski 2 to Poland.

In January the SMART Power Company SPC was launched with support from six supply chain companies as the sole entity responsible for the export and construction of the small reactor technology, particularly to the Middle East for desalination.

The reactor achieved first criticality in April Then in the mids the Korean nuclear industry embarked upon a plan to standardise the design of nuclear plants and to achieve much greater self-sufficiency in building them.

In the industry entered a ten-year technology transfer programme with Combustion Engineering now part of Westinghouse to achieve technical self-reliance, and this was extended in These units were built with substantial local input and were commissioned in In the industry selected the CE System 80 two-loop steam supply system as the basis of standardisation.

It is the type used for all further MWe units as well as the two that were briefly under construction in North Korea.

The war lasted three years and involved the U. The border between the two nations remains the most heavily fortified in the world.

South Korea is a developed country and a high-income economy , with a "very high" Human Development Index , ranking 22nd in the world. The country is considered a regional power and is the world's 11th largest economy by nominal GDP and the 12th largest by PPP as of [update].

Its export-driven economy primarily focuses production on electronics , automobiles , ships , machinery , petrochemicals and robotics. The name Korea derives from the name Goryeo.

The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo in the 5th century as a shortened form of its name. The 10th-century kingdom of Goryeo succeeded Goguryeo, [28] [29] [30] [31] and thus inherited its name, which was pronounced by visiting Persian merchants as "Korea".

After Goryeo was replaced by Joseon in , Joseon became the official name for the entire territory, though it was not universally accepted. The new official name has its origin in the ancient country of Gojoseon Old Joseon.

Under Japanese rule , the two names Han and Joseon coexisted. Since the government only controlled the southern part of the Korean Peninsula , the informal term South Korea was coined, becoming increasingly common in the Western world.

The Korean name "Daehan Minguk" is sometimes used by South Koreans as a metonym to refer to the Korean ethnicity or " race " as a whole, rather than just the South Korean state.

Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in the 12th century BC, but its existence and role have been controversial in the modern era. Three of the commanderies fell or retreated westward within a few decades.

As Lelang commandery was destroyed and rebuilt around this time, the place gradually moved toward Liaodong.

Goguryeo, the largest and most powerful among them, was a highly militaristic state, [50] [51] and competed with various Chinese dynasties during its years of history.

Goguryeo experienced a golden age under Gwanggaeto the Great and his son Jangsu , [52] [53] [54] [55] who both subdued Baekje and Silla during their times, achieving a brief unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea and becoming the most dominant power on the Korean Peninsula.

Balhae was founded by a Goguryeo general and formed as a successor state to Goguryeo. Relationships between Korea and China remained relatively peaceful during this time.

Later Silla carried on the maritime prowess of Baekje , which acted like the Phoenicia of medieval East Asia , [76] and during the 8th and 9th centuries dominated the seas of East Asia and the trade between China, Korea and Japan, most notably during the time of Jang Bogo ; in addition, Silla people made overseas communities in China on the Shandong Peninsula and the mouth of the Yangtze River.

In , the Later Three Kingdoms were united by Wang Geon , a descendant of Goguryeo nobility, [98] who established Goryeo as the successor state of Goguryeo.

Goryeo was never conquered by the Mongols, but exhausted after three decades of fighting, the Korean court sent its crown prince to the Yuan capital to swear allegiance to Kublai Khan , who accepted, and married one of his daughters to the Korean crown prince.

During this period, the two nations became intertwined as all subsequent Korean kings married Mongol princesses, [] and the last empress of the Yuan dynasty was a Korean princess.

However, in , General Yi Seong-gye , who had been ordered to attack China, turned his army around and staged a coup.

Yi Seong-gye declared the new name of Korea as "Joseon" in reference to Gojoseon, and moved the capital to Hanseong one of the old names of Seoul.

Between and , Toyotomi Hideyoshi launched invasions of Korea , but his advance was halted by Korean forces most notably the Joseon Navy led by Admiral Yi Sun-sin and his renowned " turtle ship " [] [] [] [] [] with assistance from Righteous Army militias formed by Korean civilians, and Ming dynasty Chinese troops.

Through a series of successful battles of attrition, the Japanese forces were eventually forced to withdraw, and relations between all parties became normalized.

However, the Manchus took advantage of Joseon's war-weakened state and invaded in and , and then went on to conquer the destabilized Ming dynasty.

After normalizing relations with the new Qing dynasty , Joseon experienced a nearly year period of peace.

Kings Yeongjo and Jeongjo particularly led a new renaissance of the Joseon dynasty during the 18th century. Furthermore, the Joseon government adopted a strict isolationist policy, earning the nickname "the hermit kingdom ", but ultimately failed to protect itself against imperialism and was forced to open its borders.

Despite the initial plan of a unified Korea in the Cairo Declaration , escalating Cold War antagonism between the Soviet Union and the United States eventually led to the establishment of separate governments, each with its own ideology, leading to the division of Korea into two political entities in North Korea and South Korea.

In the South, Syngman Rhee , an opponent of communism, who had been backed and appointed by the United States as head of the provisional government, won the first presidential elections of the newly declared Republic of Korea in May.

In the North, however, a former anti-Japanese guerrilla and communist activist, Kim Il-sung was appointed premier of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in September.

The UN declared Rhee's government as "a lawful government having effective control and jurisdiction over that part of Korea where the UN Temporary Commission on Korea was able to observe and consult" and the Government "based on elections which was observed by the Temporary Commission" in addition to a statement that "this is the only such government in Korea.

This allowed the UN to intervene in a civil war when it became apparent that the superior North Korean forces would unify the entire country.

After an ebb and flow that saw both sides almost pushed to the brink of extinction, and massive losses among Korean civilians in both the north and the south, the war eventually reached a stalemate.

The armistice, never signed by South Korea, split the peninsula along the demilitarized zone near the original demarcation line. No peace treaty was ever signed, resulting in the two countries remaining technically at war.

In , a student uprising the "April 19 Revolution" led to the resignation of the autocratic President Syngman Rhee.

A period of political instability followed, broken by General Park Chung-hee 's May 16 coup against the weak and ineffectual government the next year.

Park took over as president until his assassination in , overseeing rapid export-led economic growth as well as implementing political repression.

Park was heavily criticised as a ruthless military dictator, who in extended his rule by creating a new constitution , which gave the president sweeping almost dictatorial powers and permitted him to run for an unlimited number of six-year terms.

However, the Korean economy developed significantly during Park's tenure and the government developed the nationwide expressway system , the Seoul subway system , and laid the foundation for economic development during his year tenure.

The years after Park's assassination were marked again by political turmoil, as the previously suppressed opposition leaders all campaigned to run for president in the sudden political void.

On May 17, Chun Doo-hwan forced the Cabinet to expand martial law to the whole nation, which had previously not applied to the island of Jejudo. The expanded martial law closed universities, banned political activities and further curtailed the press.

Chun's assumption of the presidency in the events of May 17, triggered nationwide protests demanding democracy, in particular in the city of Gwangju , to which Chun sent special forces to violently suppress the Gwangju Democratization Movement.

Chun subsequently created the National Defense Emergency Policy Committee and took the presidency according to his political plan.

Chun and his government held South Korea under a despotic rule until , when a Seoul National University student, Park Jong-chul, was tortured to death.

Roh went on to win the election by a narrow margin against the two main opposition leaders, Kim Dae-Jung and Kim Young-Sam.

Seoul hosted the Olympic Games in , widely regarded as successful and a significant boost for South Korea's global image and economy.

South Korea was formally invited to become a member of the United Nations in The transition of Korean from autocracy to modern democracy was marked in by the election of Kim Dae-jung , who was sworn in as the eighth president of South Korea, on February 25, His election was significant given that he had in earlier years been a political prisoner sentenced to death later commuted to exile.

He won against the backdrop of the Asian Financial Crisis , where he took IMF advice to restructure the economy and the nation soon recovered its economic growth, albeit at a slower pace.

Later that year, Kim received the Nobel Peace Prize "for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular".

However, South Korean and Japanese relations later soured because of conflicting claims of sovereignty over the Liancourt Rocks.

In , there was an escalation in attacks by North Korea. In November Yeonpyeong island was attacked by a significant North Korean artillery barrage, with 4 people losing their lives.

The lack of a strong response to these attacks from both South Korea and the international community the official UN report declined to explicitly name North Korea as the perpetrator for the Cheonan sinking caused significant anger with the South Korean public.

Daughter of another former president, Park Chung-hee , she carried on a conservative brand of politics. President Park Geun-hye's administration was formally accused of corruption, bribery, and influence-peddling for the involvement of close friend Choi Soon-sil in state affairs.

There followed a series of massive public demonstrations from November [] and she was removed from office.

His tenure so far has seen an improving political relationship with North Korea, some increasing divergence in the military alliance with the United States, and the successful hosting of the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang.

This mountainous peninsula is flanked by the Yellow Sea to the west, and the Sea of Japan to the east. Its total area is , square kilometres 38, South Korea can be divided into four general regions: South Korea's terrain is mostly mountainous, most of which is not arable.

About three thousand islands, mostly small and uninhabited, lie off the western and southern coasts of South Korea. Jeju-do is about kilometres 62 miles off the southern coast of South Korea.

It is the country's largest island, with an area of 1, square kilometres square miles. Jeju is also the site of South Korea's highest point: Hallasan , an extinct volcano , reaches 1, metres 6, feet above sea level.

Winter temperatures are higher along the southern coast and considerably lower in the mountainous interior.

South Korea has four distinct seasons; spring, summer, autumn and winter. Spring usually lasts from late March to early May, summer from mid-May to early September, autumn from mid-September to early November, and winter from mid-November to mid-March.

Rainfall is concentrated in the summer months of June through September. The southern coast is subject to late summer typhoons that bring strong winds, heavy rains and sometime floods.

During the first 20 years of South Korea's growth surge, little effort was made to preserve the environment. The green-based economic strategy is a comprehensive overhaul of South Korea's economy, utilizing nearly two percent of the national GDP.

The greening initiative includes such efforts as a nationwide bike network, solar and wind energy, lowering oil dependent vehicles, backing daylight savings and extensive usage of environmentally friendly technologies such as LEDs in electronics and lighting.

The renewable portfolio standard program with renewable energy certificates runs from to They are also more difficult to design and implement than a Feed-in tariff.

Seoul's tap water recently became safe to drink, with city officials branding it "Arisu" in a bid to convince the public.

Another multibillion-dollar project was the restoration of Cheonggyecheon , a stream running through downtown Seoul that had earlier been paved over by a motorway.

Under its current constitution the state is sometimes referred to as the Sixth Republic of South Korea. Like many democratic states, [] South Korea has a government divided into three branches: The executive and legislative branches operate primarily at the national level, although various ministries in the executive branch also carry out local functions.

Local governments are semi-autonomous, and contain executive and legislative bodies of their own. The judicial branch operates at both the national and local levels.

South Korea is a constitutional democracy. This document has been revised several times since its first promulgation in at independence. However, it has retained many broad characteristics and with the exception of the short-lived Second Republic of South Korea , the country has always had a presidential system with an independent chief executive.

Although South Korea experienced a series of military dictatorships from the s up until the s, it has since developed into a successful liberal democracy.

The major administrative divisions in South Korea are eight provinces , one special self-governing province , six metropolitan cities self-governing cities that are not part of any province , one special city and one metropolitan autonomous city.

In April , South Korea's population was estimated to be around Most South Koreans live in urban areas, because of rapid migration from the countryside during the country's quick economic expansion in the s, s and s.

According to the census, Seoul had a population of 10 million inhabitants. The Seoul National Capital Area has Other major cities include Busan 3.

The population has also been shaped by international migration. This trend of net entry reversed over the next 40 years because of emigration, especially to the United States and Canada.

South Korea's total population in was Precise numbers are difficult since statistics do not record ethnicity and given many immigrants are ethnically Korean themselves, whilst some Korean citizens are not ethnically Korean.

The percentage of foreign nationals has been growing rapidly. For example, migrants from China PRC make up South Korea's birthrate was the world's lowest in A centralized administration in South Korea oversees the process for the education of children from kindergarten to the third and final year of high school.

The school year is divided into two semesters, the first of which begins at the beginning of March and ends in mid-July, the second of which begins in late August and ends in mid-February.

The schedules are not uniformly standardized and vary from school to school. Most South Korean middle schools and high schools have school uniforms, modeled on western-style uniforms.

Boys' uniforms usually consist of trousers and white shirts, and girls wear skirts and white shirts this only applies in middle schools and high schools.

The country adopted a new educational program to increase the number of their foreign students through According to the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology , the number of scholarships for foreign students in South Korea would have under the program doubled by that time, and the number of foreign students would have reached , South Korea is one of the top-performing OECD countries in reading literacy, maths and sciences with the average student scoring and has one of the worlds most highly educated labour forces among OECD countries.

Higher education is a serious issue in South Korea society, where it is viewed as one of the fundamental cornerstones of South Korean life.

Education is regarded with a high priority for South Korean families as success in education holds a cultural status as well as a necessity to improve one's socioeconomic position in South Korean society.

South Koreans view education as the main propeller of social mobility for themselves and their family as a gateway to the South Korean middle class.

Graduating from a top university is the ultimate marker of prestige, high socioeconomic status, promising marriage prospects, and a respectable career path.

Not having a university degree carries a major cultural stigma as those who lack a formal university education face social prejudice and are often looked down upon by others.

In , the country spent 4. There is a major cultural taboo in South Korean society attached to those who have not achieved formal university education where those who don't hold university degrees face social prejudice and are often looked down by others as second-class citizens resulting in fewer opportunities for employment, improvement of one's socioeconomic position and prospects for marriage.

International opinion regarding the South Korean education system has been divided. It has been praised for various reasons, including its comparatively high test results and its major role in ushering South Korea's economic development creating one of the world's most educated workforces.

President Barack Obama has also praised the country's rigorous school system, where over 80 percent of South Korean high school graduates go on to university.

The system's rigid and hierarchical structure has been criticized for stifling creativity and innovation; [] [] described as intensely and "brutally" competitive, [] the system is often blamed for the high suicide rate in the country, particularly the growing rates among those aged 10— Various media outlets attribute the country's high suicide rate to the nationwide anxiety around the country's college entrance exams, which determine the trajectory of students' entire lives and careers.

Korean is the official language of South Korea, and is classified by most linguists as a language isolate. Korean is not related to any Chinese languages, although it incorporates a number of words that are Chinese in origin.

Additionally, Korean spoken in South Korea uses a significant number of loan words from English and other European languages.

Korean uses an indigenous writing system called Hangul , created in by King Sejong to provide a convenient alternative to the Classical Chinese Hanja characters that were difficult to learn and did not fit the Korean language well.

South Korea still uses some Chinese Hanja characters in limited areas, such as print media and legal documentation. The Korean language in South Korea has a standard dialect known as Seoul after the capital city , with an additional 4 Korean language dialect groups in use around the country.

Almost all South Korean students today learn English throughout their education, with some optionally choosing Japanese or Mandarin as well. Religion in South Korea census [5].

According to the results of the census of more than half of the South Korean population According to the census, Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the constitution, and there is no state religion.

Christianity is South Korea's largest organized religion, accounting for more than half of all South Korean adherents of religious organizations.

There are approximately Roman Catholics increased significantly between the s and the s, but declined throughout the s. The weakness of Korean Sindo, which, unlike Japanese Shinto and China's religious system , never developed into a national religion of high status, [] combined with the impoverished state of Korean Buddhism after years of suppression at the hands of the Joseon state, by the 20th century it was virtually extinct left a free hand to Christian churches.

Christianity's similarity to native religious narratives has been studied as another factor that contributed to its success in the peninsula.

Among Christian denominations, Presbyterianism is the largest. South Korea is also the second-largest missionary-sending nation, after the United States.

Buddhism was introduced to Korea in the 4th century. In the other states of the Three Kingdoms Period , Goguryeo and Baekje , it was made the state religion respectively in and It was later suppressed throughout much of the subsequent history under the unified kingdom of Joseon — , which officially adopted a strict Korean Confucianism.

South Korea has a universal healthcare system. Suicide in South Korea is a serious and widespread problem and the country ranks poorly on world happiness reports for a high-income state.

Life expectancy has been rising rapidly and South Korea ranked 11th in the world for life expectancy at South Korea maintains diplomatic relations with more than countries.

The country has also been a member of the United Nations since , when it became a member state at the same time as North Korea. Both North and South Korea claim complete sovereignty over the entire peninsula and outlying islands.

Political figures such as Kim Koo worked to reconcile the two governments even after the Korean War. Despite the Sunshine Policy and efforts at reconciliation, the progress was complicated by North Korean missile tests in , , , , and As of early [update] , relationships between North and South Korea were very tense; North Korea had been reported to have deployed missiles, [] ended its former agreements with South Korea, [] and threatened South Korea and the United States not to interfere with a satellite launch it had planned.

President Lee Myung-bak declared in May that Seoul would cut all trade with North Korea as part of measures primarily aimed at striking back at North Korea diplomatically and financially, except for the joint Kaesong Industrial Project, and humanitarian aid.

Despite the continuing ties, Kaesong industrial zone has seen a large decrease in investment and manpower as a result of this military conflict.

In February , the Kaesong complex was closed by Seoul in reaction to North Korea's launch of a rocket earlier in the month [] unanimously condemned by the United Nations security council.

Historically, Korea had close relations with the dynasties in China, and some Korean kingdoms were members of the Imperial Chinese tributary system.

The two countries sought to improve bilateral relations and lifted the forty-year-old trade embargo, [] and South Korean—Chinese relations have improved steadily since The deployment of THAAD defence missiles by the United States military in South Korea in response to North Korean missile tests has been protested strongly by the Chinese government, concerned that the technologically advanced missile defence could be used more broadly against China.

Korea and Japan have had difficult relations since ancient times , but also significant cultural exchange, with Korea acting as the gateway between Asia and Japan.

Contemporary perceptions of Japan are still largely defined by Japan's 35 year colonization of Korea in the 20th century, which is generally regarded in South Korea as having been very negative.

There is heavy anti-Japanese sentiment in South Korea because of a number of unsettled Japanese-Korean disputes , many of which stem from the period of Japanese occupation after the Japanese annexation of Korea.

The Liancourt Rocks were the first Korean territories to be forcibly colonized by Japan in Although it was again returned to Korea along with the rest of its territory in with the signing of the Treaty of San Francisco, Japan does not recant on its claims that the Liancourt Rocks are Japanese territory.

The free trade agreement was approved in September , and took effect on July 1, Nevertheless, EU companies have significant problems accessing and operating in the South Korean market because of stringent standards and testing requirements for products and services often creating barriers to trade.

Upon the onset of the Korean War in , U. The United States participation was critical for preventing the near defeat of the Republic of Korea by northern forces, as well as fighting back for the territory gains that define the South Korean nation today.

Following the Armistice, South Korea and the U. The two nations have strong economic, diplomatic, and military ties, although they have at times disagreed with regard to policies towards North Korea, and with regard to some of South Korea's industrial activities that involve usage of rocket or nuclear technology.

There had also been strong anti-American sentiment during certain periods, which has largely moderated in the modern day. The two nations also share a close economic relationship, with the U.

On October 12, , the U. Congress passed the long-stalled trade agreement with South Korea. The unresolved tension with North Korea have prompted South Korea to allocate 2.

All South Korean males are constitutionally required to serve in the military, typically 21 months. Previous exceptions for South Korean citizens of mixed race no longer apply since The South Korean army has 2, tanks in operation, including the K1A1 and K2 Black Panther , which form the backbone of the South Korean army's mechanized armor and infantry forces.

A sizable arsenal of many artillery systems, including 1, self-propelled K55 and K9 Thunder howitzers and helicopters and UAVs of numerous types, are assembled to provide additional fire, reconnaissance, and logistics support.

South Korea's smaller but more advanced artillery force and wide range of airborne reconnaissance platforms are pivotal in the counter-battery suppression of North Korea's large artillery force, which operates more than 13, artillery systems deployed in various state of fortification and mobility.

The South Korean navy has made its first major transformation into a blue-water navy through the formation of the Strategic Mobile Fleet, which includes a battle group of Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin class destroyers , Dokdo class amphibious assault ship , AIP-driven Type submarines , and King Sejong the Great class destroyers , which is equipped with the latest baseline of Aegis fleet-defense system that allows the ships to track and destroy multiple cruise missiles and ballistic missiles simultaneously, forming an integral part of South Korea's indigenous missile defense umbrella against the North Korean military's missile threat.

From time to time, South Korea has sent its troops overseas to assist American forces. It has participated in most major conflicts that the United States has been involved in the past 50 years.

A further 1, were deployed since to reinforce UN peacekeeping forces in Lebanon. The United States has stationed a substantial contingent of troops to defend South Korea.

There are approximately 28, U. Military personnel stationed in Korea, [] most of them serving one year unaccompanied tours. There has been long term agreement between the United States and South Korea that South Korea should eventually assume the lead for its own defense.

This transition to a South Korean command has been slow and often postponed, although it is currently scheduled to occur in the early s.

Male citizens who refuse or reject to undertake military services because of conscientious objection are typically imprisoned, with over individuals usually imprisoned at any given time; more than the rest of the world put together.

South Korea's mixed economy [] [] [] ranks 11th nominal and 13th purchasing power parity GDP in the world, identifying it as one of the G major economies.

It is a developed country with a high-income economy and is the most industrialized member country of the OECD. South Korean brands such as LG Electronics and Samsung are internationally famous and garnered South Korea's reputation for its quality electronics and other manufactured goods.

Its massive investment in education has taken the country from mass illiteracy to a major international technological powerhouse.

The country's national economy benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree.

Despite the South Korean economy's high growth potential and apparent structural stability, the country suffers damage to its credit rating in the stock market because of the belligerence of North Korea in times of deep military crises, which has an adverse effect on South Korean financial markets.

Furthermore, South Korea was one of the few developed countries that were able to avoid a recession during the global financial crisis.

The unemployment rate in South Korea also remained low in , at 3. The following list includes the largest South Korean companies by revenue in who are all listed as part of the Fortune Global South Korea has a technologically advanced transport network consisting of high-speed railways, highways, bus routes, ferry services, and air routes that crisscross the country.

Korea Expressway Corporation operates the toll highways and service amenities en route. Korail provides frequent train services to all major South Korean cities.

South Korea's main gateway and largest airport is Incheon International Airport , serving 58 million passengers in There are also a large number of airports that were built as part of the infrastructure boom but are barely used.

The national carrier, Korean Air served over 26,, passengers, including almost 19,, international passengers in Combined, South Korean airlines serve international routes.

South Korea is the world's fifth-largest nuclear power producer and the second-largest in Asia as of [update]. Fuel production and waste handling technologies have also been developed locally.

It is also a member of the ITER project. South Korea is an emerging exporter of nuclear reactors , having concluded agreements with the UAE to build and maintain four advanced nuclear reactors, [] with Jordan for a research nuclear reactor, [] [] and with Argentina for construction and repair of heavy-water nuclear reactors.

South Korea is not allowed to enrich uranium or develop traditional uranium enrichment technology on its own, because of US political pressure, [] unlike most major nuclear powers such as Japan, Germany, and France, competitors of South Korea in the international nuclear market.

This impediment to South Korea's indigenous nuclear industrial undertaking has sparked occasional diplomatic rows between the two allies.

While South Korea is successful in exporting its electricity-generating nuclear technology and nuclear reactors, it cannot capitalize on the market for nuclear enrichment facilities and refineries , preventing it from further expanding its export niche.

South Korea has sought unique technologies such as pyroprocessing to circumvent these obstacles and seek a more advantageous competition.

South Korea is the third highest ranked Asian country in the World Economic Forum's Network Readiness Index NRI after Singapore and Hong Kong respectively — an indicator for determining the development level of a country's information and communication technologies.

South Korea ranked number 10 overall in the NRI ranking, up from 11 in In , 17 million foreign tourists visited South Korea [] [] With rising tourist prospects, especially from foreign countries outside of Asia, the South Korean government has set a target of attracting 20 million foreign tourists a year by South Korean tourism is driven by many factors, including the popularity of South Korean pop music and television dramas , known as Korean Wave Hallyu , throughout East Asia, traditional culture, cuisine and natural environment.

The Hyundai Research Institute reported that the Korean Wave has a direct impact in encouraging direct foreign investment back into the country through demand for products, and the tourism industry.

According to an analysis by economist Han Sang-Wan, a 1 percent increase in the exports of Korean cultural content pushes consumer goods exports up 0.

The South Korean pension system was created to provide benefits to persons reaching old age, families and persons stricken with death of their primary breadwinner, and for the purposes of stabilizing its nations welfare state.

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