Alle Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika (einschließlich der Südstaaten-Konföderation) mit Abbildungen und Kurzportraits. Dass der US-Präsident die Funktion des Staatsoberhauptes und die des Regierungschefs in einer Person vereint, ist der wesentliche Unterschied zu vielen. Dass der US-Präsident die Funktion des Staatsoberhauptes und die des Regierungschefs in einer Person vereint, ist der wesentliche Unterschied zu vielen. In der politischen Realität der Vereinigten Staaten steht der Gewinner der Präsidentschaftswahl wm achtelfinale bereits nach dem ursprünglichen Wahltag fest, da die Wahlmänner einer bestimmten Partei oder eines bestimmten Kandidaten gewählt wurden. Er vertrat jedoch vehement seinen Anspruch auf die Position als vollwertiger Präsident, womit die Amtsübernahme als Präzedenzfall für alle weiteren nachgerückten Vizepräsidenten gilt. Solche Konstellationen gab es bei den Wahlenund Oktober um Sogar seinem i ll be back terminator Vizepräsidenten Richard Nixon stand Eisenhower, der bis zum Ende seiner Amtszeit von den Amerikanern geliebt und bewundert wurde, kritisch gegenüber und fügt ihm im Wahlkampf gegen Kennedy durch eine abfällige Bemerkung gegenüber Journalisten erheblichen Schaden zu. Jedoch müssen sie nach dem Der Präsident besitzt im Kabinett eine vollständige Richtlinienkompetenz, da er einen Minister Beste Spielothek in Dalum finden jederzeit entlassen kann. Doch als der prominente Journalist mit den Gesichtszügen des jungen George Clooney am Mittwochabend kurz vor 20 Uhr zu einer Live-Schalte eilen wollte, wurde er unerwartet gestoppt. Zum anderen sollten book of ra app Wahllokale aufgesucht werden können, ohne auf den sonntäglichen Kirchgang zu verzichten. Bwt formel 1 überschritten die jährlichen Ausgaben des Staates casino gesellschaft berlin Milliardenschwelle. Ohne diese Unterstützung ist der Handlungsspielraum des Präsidenten stark eingeschränkt.
Cannes gives us a glimpse into the future of PR. This year, that future looks like paradigm-shifting automation. What will agency work look like after AI and automation have remade it?
And how can we keep on leading with real, human purpose? What technology can do for consumers and brands versus what it should do is at the core of a creepy-cool study - and Cannes very first game show So what did this year's entries do right?
And what does it mean to be young and ambitious in the world of PR? Premier acquires cultural music agency Albion Media By Arvind Hickman, November 09, Entertainment, arts and culture communications agency Premier has acquired classical music and performing arts specialist agency Albion Media.
Clearcast halted Iceland's plans to reuse Greenpeace 'Rang-tan' film By Simon Gwynn, November 09, Political associations of Greenpeace meant the supermarket had to change plans for its purpose-led Christmas campaign.
Waitrose launches Christmas campaign with innovative ITV ad break By Simon Gwynn, November 09, The retailer has created six second spots as part a campaign with more than executions.
Heathrow bears depart Florida for the UK in Christmas campaign By Gurjit Degun, November 08, London airport unveils its third festive campaign featuring Doris and Edward Bair returning home for the festive season.
If Facebook sneezes, do other tech giants catch a reputational cold? By Cordelia Meacher, November 08, For keen watchers of tech and innovation, Facebook sent up a reputational flare from Silicon Valley last month.
Five Campaigns We Liked in October: MoJ opens up about reality of youth prison By Jonathan Owen, November 08, The comms team at the Ministry of Justice decided that honesty was the best policy when trying to recruit youth custody officers, by being open about the challenges of the work, in a campaign that has boosted recruitment.
Click here for the Top Recruiter Profiles. The rise of AI: October 18, Join this webinar, in partnership with LexisNexis, to find out how you can embrace and benefit from making AI part of your strategy.
SA Tourism on the hunt for an events management agency October 23, South African Tourism remains a dynamic DMO and is looking for an activation agency to continue their strategic marketing.
How to track your brand imagery across the web September 10, And other digital weapons Product of the Year: While the constitution establishes that the request must be submitted "at the beginning of each regular session", the request is typically submitted during the first week of May as the regular sessions of the legislature begin in January and it would be impractical to submit a request so far in advance.
Once submitted, the budget is then approved by the legislature, typically with amendments, through a joint resolution and is referred back to the governor for his approval.
The governor then either approves it or vetoes it. If vetoed the legislature can then either refer it back with amendments for the governor's approval, or approve it without the governor's consent by two-thirds of the bodies of each chamber.
Once the budget is approved, the Department of Treasury disburses funds to the Office of Management and Budget which in turn disburses the funds to the respective agencies, while the Puerto Rico Government Development Bank the government's intergovernmental bank manages all related banking affairs including those related to the government-owned corporations.
The cost of living in Puerto Rico is high and has increased over the past decade. While some online stores do offer free shipping on orders to Puerto Rico, many merchants exclude Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico and other United States territories.
Census Bureau's update. The report also indicates that One of the most cited contributors to the high cost of living in Puerto Rico is the Merchant Marine Act of , also known as the Jones Act , which prevents foreign-flagged ships from carrying cargo between two American ports, a practice known as cabotage.
Instead, they must proceed directly to U. The local government of Puerto Rico has requested several times to the U. Congress to exclude Puerto Rico from the Jones Act restrictions without success.
In the Government Accountability Office published a report which concluded that "repealing or amending the Jones Act cabotage law might cut Puerto Rico shipping costs" and that "shippers believed that opening the trade to non-U.
Data were not available to allow us to validate the examples given or verify the extent to which this difference occurred.
The study found that Puerto Rico received very similar or lower shipping freight rates when compared to neighboring islands, and that the transportation costs have no impact on retail prices on the island.
The study was based in part on actual comparison of consumer goods at retail stores in San Juan, Puerto Rico and Jacksonville, Florida, finding: The school was free of charge and the courses taught were Latin language, literature, history, science, art, philosophy and theology.
Education in Puerto Rico is divided in three levels—Primary elementary school grades 1—6 , Secondary intermediate and high school grades 7—12 , and Higher Level undergraduate and graduate studies.
As of , the literacy rate of the Puerto Rican population was Instruction at the primary school level is compulsory between the ages of 5 and As of [update] , there are public schools and private schools.
The largest private university systems on the island are the Sistema Universitario Ana G. Since Puerto Ricans pay no income tax, they are not eligible for health insurance subsidies under the Affordable Care Act.
The city of San Juan has a system of triage , hospital, and preventive care health services. The municipal government sponsors regular health fairs in different areas of the city focusing on health care for the elderly and the disabled.
In , there were 69 hospitals in Puerto Rico. Founded in , it is operated by the Medical Services Administration of the Department of Health of Puerto Rico, and is actually a network of eight hospitals:.
The city of San Juan operates nine other hospitals. These nine hospitals are:. The city of Ponce is served by several clinics and hospitals.
There are four comprehensive care hospitals: Veterans Administration will build a new hospital in the city to satisfy regional needs.
On the island of Culebra , there is a small hospital in the island called Hospital de Culebra. It also offers pharmacy services to residents and visitors.
For emergencies, patients are transported by plane to Fajardo on the main island. The town of Caguas has three hospitals: Reforma de Salud de Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Health Reform — locally referred to as La Reforma The Reform — is a government-run program which provides medical and health care services to the indigent and impoverished , by means of contracting private health insurance companies, rather than employing government-owned hospitals and emergency centers.
The overall rate of crime is low in Puerto Rico. The territory has a high firearm homicide rate. The homicide rate of Modern Puerto Rican culture is a unique mix of cultural antecedents: A large number of Cubans and Dominicans have relocated to the island in the past few decades.
From the Spanish, Puerto Rico received the Spanish language, the Catholic religion and the vast majority of their cultural and moral values and traditions.
The United States added English-language influence, the university system and the adoption of some holidays and practices. On March 12, , the University of Puerto Rico was officially founded, branching out from the "Escuela Normal Industrial", a smaller organization that was founded in Fajardo three years before.
Much of Puerto Rican culture centers on the influence of music and has been shaped by other cultures combining with local and traditional rhythms.
Early in the history of Puerto Rican music, the influences of Spanish and African traditions were most noticeable. The cultural movements across the Caribbean and North America have played a vital role in the more recent musical influences which have reached Puerto Rico.
The official symbols of Puerto Rico are the reinita mora or Puerto Rican spindalis a type of bird , the flor de maga a type of flower , and the ceiba or kapok a type of tree.
The architecture of Puerto Rico demonstrates a broad variety of traditions, styles and national influences accumulated over four centuries of Spanish rule, and a century of American rule.
Spanish colonial architecture , Ibero-Islamic , art deco , post-modern , and many other architectural forms are visible throughout the island.
From town to town, there are also many regional distinctions. The oldest parts of the district of Old San Juan remain partly enclosed by massive walls.
La Fortaleza continues to serve also as the executive mansion for the Governor of Puerto Rico. During the s, sections of Old San Juan fell into disrepair, and many renovation plans were suggested.
There was even a strong push to develop Old San Juan as a "small Manhattan ". Strict remodeling codes were implemented to prevent new constructions from affecting the common colonial Spanish architectural themes of the old city.
When a project proposal suggested that the old Carmelite Convent in San Juan be demolished to erect a new hotel, the Institute had the building declared as a historic building, and then asked that it be converted to a hotel in a renewed facility.
The paradigm to reconstruct and renovate the old city and revitalize it has been followed by other cities in the Americas, particularly Havana , Lima and Cartagena de Indias.
Ponce Creole is an architectural style created in Ponce, Puerto Rico , in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This style of Puerto Rican buildings is found predominantly in residential homes in Ponce that developed between and Ponce Creole architecture borrows heavily from the traditions of the French, the Spaniards, and the Caribbean to create houses that were especially built to withstand the hot and dry climate of the region, and to take advantage of the sun and sea breezes characteristic of the southern Puerto Rico's Caribbean Sea coast.
Puerto Rican art reflects many influences, much from its ethnically diverse background. A form of folk art , called santos evolved from the Catholic Church's use of sculptures to convert indigenous Puerto Ricans to Christianity.
Santos depict figures of saints and other religious icons and are made from native wood, clay, and stone. After shaping simple, they are often finished by painting them in vivid colors.
Santos vary in size, with the smallest examples around eight inches tall and the largest about twenty inches tall.
Traditionally, santos were seen as messengers between the earth and Heaven. As such, they occupied a special place on household altars , where people prayed to them, asked for help, or tried to summon their protection.
Also popular, caretas or vejigantes are masks worn during carnivals. Similar masks signifying evil spirits were used in both Spain and Africa, though for different purposes.
The Spanish used their masks to frighten lapsed Christians into returning to the church, while tribal Africans used them as protection from the evil spirits they represented.
True to their historic origins Puerto Rican caretas always bear at least several horns and fangs. Red and black were the typical colors for caretas but their palette has expanded to include a wide variety of bright hues and patterns.
Puerto Rican literature evolved from the art of oral story telling to its present-day status. Written works by the native islanders of Puerto Rico were prohibited and repressed by the Spanish colonial government.
Only those who were commissioned by the Spanish Crown to document the chronological history of the island were allowed to write.
Diego de Torres Vargas was allowed to circumvent this strict prohibition for three reasons: This historical book was the first to make a detailed geographic description of the island.
The book described all the fruits and commercial establishments of the time, mostly centered in the towns of San Juan and Ponce.
The book also listed and described every mine, church, and hospital in the island at the time. The book contained notices on the State and Capital, plus an extensive and erudite bibliography.
Some of Puerto Rico's earliest writers were influenced by the teachings of Rafael Cordero. Among these was Dr. Alonso , the first Puerto Rican writer of notable importance.
After this first novel, Hostos abandoned fiction in favor of the essay which he saw as offering greater possibilities for inspiring social change.
In the late 19th century, with the arrival of the first printing press and the founding of the Royal Academy of Belles Letters, Puerto Rican literature began to flourish.
The first writers to express their political views in regard to Spanish colonial rule of the island were journalists. After the United States invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish—American War and the island was ceded to the Americans as a condition of the Treaty of Paris of , writers and poets began to express their opposition to the new colonial rule by writing about patriotic themes.
Cayetano Coll y Toste was another Puerto Rican historian and writer. Pedreira , described in his work Insularismo the cultural survival of the Puerto Rican identity after the American invasion.
With the Puerto Rican diaspora of the s, Puerto Rican literature was greatly influenced by a phenomenon known as the Nuyorican Movement.
Puerto Rican literature continued to flourish and many Puerto Ricans have since distinguished themselves as authors, journalists, poets, novelists, playwrights, screenwriters, essayists and have also stood out in other literary fields.
The influence of Puerto Rican literature has transcended the boundaries of the island to the United States and the rest of the world.
Esmeralda Santiago has written an autobiographical trilogy about growing up in modern Puerto Rico as well as an historical novel, Conquistadora , about life on a sugar plantation during the midth century.
The media in Puerto Rico includes local radio stations , television stations and newspapers , the majority of which are conducted in Spanish. There are also three stations of the U.
Armed Forces Radio and Television Service. El Vocero is distributed free of charge as well as Indice and Metro. Several television channels provide local content in the island.
The music of Puerto Rico has evolved as a heterogeneous and dynamic product of diverse cultural resources. The most conspicuous musical sources have been Spain and West Africa, although many aspects of Puerto Rican music reflect origins elsewhere in Europe and the Caribbean and, over the last century, from the U.
Puerto Rican music culture today comprises a wide and rich variety of genres, ranging from indigenous genres like bomba , plena , aguinaldo , danza and salsa to recent hybrids like reggaeton.
Puerto Rico has some national instruments, like the cuatro Spanish for "four". The cuatro is a local instrument that was made by the "Jibaro" or people from the mountains.
Originally, the Cuatro consisted of four steel strings, hence its name, but currently the Cuatro consists of five double steel strings.
It is easily confused with a guitar, even by locals. The Casals Festival takes place annually in San Juan, drawing in classical musicians from around the world.
In , Paoli was the first operatic artist in world history to record an entire opera — when he participated in a performance of Pagliacci by Ruggiero Leoncavallo in Milan, Italy.
In the latter part of the 19th century, the cuisine of Puerto Rico was greatly influenced by the United States in the ingredients used in its preparation.
Puerto Rican cuisine has transcended the boundaries of the island, and can be found in several countries outside the archipelago. Basic ingredients include grains and legumes , herbs and spices , starchy tropical tubers , vegetables, meat and poultry, seafood and shellfish, and fruits.
Desserts include flan, arroz con dulce sweet rice pudding , piraguas , brazo gitanos , tembleque , polvorones , and dulce de leche.
Locals call their cuisine cocina criolla. The traditional Puerto Rican cuisine was well established by the end of the 19th century.
This is due to the frequent hurricanes that Puerto Rico experiences, which destroy crops of maize, leaving more safeguarded plants like conucos hills of yuca grown together.
The tradition of cooking complex stews and rice dishes in pots such as rice and beans are also thought to be originally European much like Italians, Spaniards, and the British.
Early Dutch , French, Italian, and Chinese immigrants influenced not only the culture but Puerto Rican cooking as well. This great variety of traditions came together to form La Cocina Criolla.
Coconuts, coffee brought by the Arabs and Corsos to Yauco from Kafa , Ethiopia , okra , yams , sesame seeds , gandules pigeon peas in English sweet bananas, plantains, other root vegetables and Guinea hen, all come to Puerto Rico from Africa.
Puerto Rico has been commemorated on four U. Forever stamps included the Puerto Rico Flag illustrated by a bird issued Four Puerto Rican personalities have been featured on U.
These include Roberto Clemente in as an individual and in the Legends of Baseball series issued in Baseball was one of the first sports to gain widespread popularity in Puerto Rico.
The Puerto Rico Baseball League serves as the only active professional league, operating as a winter league. The Puerto Rico national baseball team has participated in the World Cup of Baseball winning one gold , four silver and four bronze medals, the Caribbean Series winning fourteen times and the World Baseball Classic.
Boxing , basketball , and volleyball are considered popular sports as well. In the professional circuit, Puerto Rico has the third-most boxing world champions and it is the global leader in champions per capita.
Since then, it has won more than 30 medals in international competitions, including gold in three FIBA Americas Championships and the Goodwill Games August 8, , became a landmark date for the team when it became the first team to defeat the United States in an Olympic tournament since the integration of National Basketball Association players.
Winning the inaugural game with scores of 92—73 as part of the Summer Olympics organized in Athens , Greece. In , the archipelago's first unified league, the Puerto Rico Soccer League , was established.
Other sports include professional wrestling and road running. The World Wrestling Council and International Wrestling Association are the largest wrestling promotions in the main island.
The World's Best 10K , held annually in San Juan, has been ranked among the 20 most competitive races globally. The "Puerto Rico All Stars" team, which has won twelve world championships in unicycle basketball.
Puerto Rican athletes have won nine medals in Olympic competition one gold, two silver, six bronze , the first one in by boxer Juan Evangelista Venegas.
Cities and towns in Puerto Rico are interconnected by a system of roads, freeways , expressways , and highways maintained by the Highways and Transportation Authority under the jurisdiction of the U.
The island's metropolitan area is served by a public bus transit system and a metro system called Tren Urbano in English: Puerto Rico has nine ports in different cities across the main island.
The San Juan Port is the largest in Puerto Rico, and the busiest port in the Caribbean and the 10th busiest in the United States in terms of commercial activity and cargo movement, respectively.
Telecommunications in Puerto Rico includes radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet. Broadcasting in Puerto Rico is regulated by the U.
Cable TV subscription services are available and the U. Armed Forces Radio and Television Service also broadcast on the island.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the U. For other uses, see Puerto Rico disambiguation.
For other uses, see Porto Rico disambiguation and Borinquen disambiguation. It has, for example, been applied to both states and territories.
When used in connection with areas under U. History of Puerto Rico. Captaincy General of Puerto Rico.
Climate of Puerto Rico. Largest cities or towns in Puerto Rico Census . Political party strength in Puerto Rico. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Foreign and intergovernmental relations of Puerto Rico. Military of Puerto Rico. Municipalities of Puerto Rico.
Economy of Puerto Rico and Puerto Rico government-debt crisis. Education in Puerto Rico. Illegal drugs in Puerto Rico.
Culture of Puerto Rico. Architecture of Puerto Rico. Media in Puerto Rico. Music of Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico on stamps.
Sports in Puerto Rico. Patricia Gherovici states that both "Porto Rico" and "Puerto Rico" were used interchangeably in the news media and documentation before, during, and after the U.
Nancy Morris clarifies that "a curious oversight in the drafting of the Foraker Act caused the name of the island to be officially misspelled".
When several priests protest, the crown requires Spaniards to pay native laborers and to teach them the Christian religion; the colonists continue to treat the natives as slaves.
It is illustrated in the very different images conjured up by the English term "commonwealth" and the Spanish version, Estado Libre Asociado literally, free associated state.
The issue seems to be whether this ambiguity is a purposeful virtue or a disguised colonial vice. Rico Senate declares Spanish over English as first official language".
San Juan, Puerto Rico. Retrieved February 7, Retrieved September 25, Retrieved June 26, Retrieved January 11, April 1, to July 1, for Puerto Rico".
United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 23, Database updated on May 8, Accessed on May 10, Retrieved August 21, Retrieved May 16, Journal of Socio-Economic Research.
Retrieved May 15, Territories and Possessions" PDF. Diachrony, synchrony, and contact. John Benjamins Publishing Company. Res 36, 72nd Congress, enacted The Puerto Rican syndrome.
Hispanic Americans in Congress, — Register of Porto Rico. Office of the Secretary. Scientific survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences.
Archived from the original on September 12, Retrieved September 21, Constructing A Colonial People: Subject People and Colonial Discourses: A History of Afro-Hispanic Language: Five Centuries, Five Continents.
Retrieved January 17, Retrieved February 16, Economic History of Puerto Rico. Retrieved August 26, Retrieved October 31, Retrieved February 20, Archived from the original on October 13, Grose, Advance in the Antilles: Retrieved February 6, Exploring the Decolonial Imaginary: The phase "The Island of Enchantment" has been traced back to a travel guide by that title that Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.
Retrieved April 14, Retrieved July 27, Archived from the original on October 11, Retrieved February 11, Archived from the original on February 13, Retrieved October 30, The Cambridge encyclopedia of human paleopathology.
Encyclopedia of Plague and Pestilence: From Ancient Times to the Present. Memoirs of A Writer in Puerto Rico.
Archived from the original on February 8, Archived from the original on May 20, Archived from the original on September 8, Baralt, Slave revolts in Puerto Rico: Archived from the original on March 9, Retrieved April 29, Historia militar de Puerto Rico in Spanish.
Sociedad Estatal Quinto Centenario. Archived from the original on May 15, Retrieved September 30, Retrieved October 1, The World of Hispanic Division, Library of Congress.
The War with Spain in University of Nebraska Press. Puerto Rico and the United States, — University of Pittsburgh Press. Archived from the original PDF on September 25, American Colonialism in Puerto Rico: The Judicial and Social Legacy.
The Louisiana Purchase and American Expansion: Archived from the original on January 23, Archived from the original on December 14, Retrieved August 14, Archived January 12, , at the Wayback Machine.
The entire speech is contained in the Congressional Record of August 14 , Helfeld — '; by: Retrieved September 24, Retrieved November 20, Retrieved April 18, By Keith Bea and R.
Sam Garrett, Congressional Research Service. Dated June 19 , Retrieved December 5, True Nationhood Stands on the Pillar of Independence". The Allentown Morning Call.
Republished by the Puerto Rico Herald. Retrieved June 21, Archived from the original on December 24, Retrieved April 28, One Hundredth Ninth Congress.
Retrieved December 13, Archived from the original on November 14, The Louisiana Purchase and American Expansion, — Retrieved November 5, Retrieved November 18, Retrieved February 24, Retrieved February 23, With my vote, I make the initial request to the Federal Government to begin the process of the decolonization through: Puerto Rico should adopt a status outside of the Territory Clause of the Constitution of the United States that recognizes the sovereignty of the People of Puerto Rico.
The Free Association would be based on a free and voluntary political association, the specific terms of which shall be agreed upon between the United States and Puerto Rico as sovereign nations.
Such agreement would provide the scope of the jurisdictional powers that the People of Puerto Rico agree to confer to the United States and retain all other jurisdictional powers and authorities.
Under this option the American citizenship would be subject to negotiation with the United States Government; 2 Proclamation of Independence, I demand that the United States Government, in the exercise of its power to dispose of territory, recognize the national sovereignty of Puerto Rico as a completely independent nation and that the United States Congress enact the necessary legislation to initiate the negotiation and transition to the independent nation of Puerto Rico.
Archived from the original on February 4, Retrieved February 17, The Atlantic Monthly Group. Retrieved February 21, United Nations Publications — via Google Books.
Durban, South Africa, Archived from the original PDF on July 31, November 27, , " Cessation of transmission o the information under article 73 e of the Charter in respect of Puerto Rico ".
December 15 , " Principles which should guide Members in determining whether or not an obligation exists to transmit the information called for in article 73 e of the Charter.
Archived from the original PDF on February 16, Retrieved December 24, Archived from the original on May 4, Retrieved January 21, Committee on Resources, U.
House of Representatives, th Congress. Archived from the original on June 14, Principles which should guide Members in determining whether or not an obligation exists to transmit the information called for under Article 73 e of the Charter".
United Nations General Assembly. June 13, Retrieved December 3, June 14, Archived January 18, , at the Wayback Machine. June 15, Retrieved September 3, June 21, Archived January 18, , at the Wayback Machine.
Retrieved July 11, June 20, Retrieved April 22, Archived from the original on November 24, Archived from the original PDF on May 21, Retrieved August 10, General Assembly of the United Nations.
Archived from the original on January 30, Puerto Rico Democracy Act of ". Archived from the original PDF on February 5, Retrieved July 14, Retrieved November 9, Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico.
Retrieved January 10, Archived November 24, , at the Wayback Machine. Released on October 4, Retrieved December 8, Archived from the original on January 14, Retrieved November 6, Retrieved December 16, Retrieved May 14, Sanchez Valle, et al" PDF.
Retrieved October 8, Retrieved January 12, This is not how the island usually does Christmas". Archived from the original on December 4, Retrieved December 3, Retrieved November 3, Mapping what's open and closed in the Caribbean: Retrieved June 2, New England Journal of Medicine.
Explicit use of et al. La isla mona en puerto rico, siglo XIX". Marine managed areas and fisheries: Boletin Cientifico Sapiens Research.
El campo de la ciudad en la intentona cultural de los cincuenta". Journal of the Center for Puerto Rican Studies. Retrieved December 30, Retrieved April 24, Archived from the original on August 18, Archived from the original on December 25, Retrieved June 29, Archived from the original on January 5, Retrieved May 6, Archived from the original on July 14, Retrieved September 11, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Retrieved January 29, Archived from the original on October 9, Retrieved October 27, International Journal of Climatology.
Journal of Applied Meteorology. Coastal Hazards of Puerto Rico. Retrieved on January 23, Archived from the original on September 10, Retrieved September 20, Archived from the original on June 1, Welcome to Puerto Rico!
Retrieved September 7, April 1, to July 1, ". Archived from the original CSV on December 23, Retrieved December 26, Retrieved February 18, The History of Puerto Rico.
Retrieved May 29, Archived from the original on February 6, Archived from the original on July 5, Human biology of Afro-Caribbean populations.
Cambridge University Press, Am J Phys Anthropol. The American Journal of Human Genetics. Minority Rights Group International.
Retrieved September 6, In New Migrant Route". Archived from the original on July 24, Archived from the original on December 18, The middle class for millionaires".
Retrieved June 3, The New York Times. Retrieved October 14, Tribunal Superior, 92 D. Translation taken from the English text, 92 P. University of Puerto Rico.
Retrieved December 4, Census Annual Population Estimates ". Archived from the original on May 24, Archived August 31, , at the Wayback Machine.
Language Education Policy Studies. Archived from the original on March 17, Retrieved April 21, Pew Research Center, DC. Puerto Ricans in this statistical profile are people who self-identified as Hispanics of Puerto Rican origin; this means either they themselves were born in Puerto Rico1 or they were born in the 50 U.
Archived from the original on March 4, Retrieved November 25, Archived from the original on December 2, The Jews of Puerto Rico".
Archived from the original on November 7, Institute of Islamic Information and Education. Archived from the original on September 27, Retrieved February 14, Retrieved June 8 , Archived from the original on August 5, Archived from the original on May 27, Archived from the original PDF on December 29, Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty".
Territories and Possessions', pp. Link to Puerto Rico ". Archived from the original on April 11, Retrieved February 3, Enciclopedia de Puerto Rico".
Archived from the original on October 5, Archived from the original on April 21, El Tribunal Supremo de Puerto Rico.
Bidwell , U. United States, U. Bush — That where the Constitution has been once formally extended by Congress to territories, neither Congress nor the territorial legislature can enact laws inconsistent therewith.
The Constitution grants Congress and the President the power to acquire, dispose of, and govern territory, not the power to decide when and where its terms apply.
By Sanford Levinson and Bartholomew H. Retrieved June 6, Archived from the original on April 1, Retrieved October 16, Where we are, Where We Want to be.
Archived from the original PDF on January 16, Retrieved July 19, Archived from the original on May 11, Retrieved August 11, Archived from the original on August 27, Retrieved August 9, Retrieved February 5, Retrieved September 22, Government of Puerto Rico.
Archived from the original on October 2, Retrieved 7 September Retrieved April 27, Accessed on August 19, Archived from the original on November 6, Retrieved September 19, El Vocero in Spanish.
Archived from the original on November 4, Retrieved December 2, Puerto Rico camino a ser el "Detroit del Caribe " ". Retrieved January 22, Archived from the original PDF on May 25, Department of the Treasury.
It is charged with helping the island manage its finances and navigate its way out of the economic jam, including by negotiating restructuring deals with creditors.
Archived from the original on April 9, Retrieved April 8, Retrieved March 2, Puerto Rico Government Development Bank.
Archived from the original PDF on April 22, Retrieved March 4, Center for a New Economy. Retrieved June 17, Archived from the original on March 13, Archived from the original on April 10, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
Archived from the original PDF on October 2,Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Bedingt durch diese Differenzen kam es im Frühjahr zum ersten Amtsenthebungsverfahren der amerikanischen Geschichte, wobei dem Präsidenten insbesondere die Verletzung des umstrittenen Tenure of Office Act zur Last gelegt wurde. Michael Avenatti Dem Ihre völkerrechtliche Verbindlichkeit hängt allerdings von der Zustimmung des Senats ab. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Calhoun trat wenig vor Ende seiner zweiten Amtszeit zurück. Der ehemalige Vizepräsident Joe Biden hat hingegen kein einziges solches Votum geben dürfen, wie auch schon 11 andere Vizepräsidenten vor ihm. Ein Termin gegen Ende des Jahres wurde schon von Anfang an gewählt. In der Geschichte der Vereinigten Staaten ist bisher nur in drei Fällen ein solches Verfahren eingeleitet worden, zuletzt gegen Bill Clinton wegen des Vorwurfs von Meineid und Behinderung der Justiz. So gab es einen Belknap und wegen der Gründung des ersten Nationalparks in Erinnerung. Vizepräsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten.